(Haiti Libre) - 26/02/2015 10:39:30
The Ministry indicates that the current poultry production is too low to meet local demand and the market has long been invaded by imported products (30 to 40 million eggs per month, representing 50 million US dollars per year, and 65 million US dollars in frozen chicken pieces per year). By cons, he recalled that sanitary restrictions on the import of eggs Dominican and changes in pricing policy by the Government since 2011, create a "momentum" favorable for the revival of the Haitian poultry and the gradual recovery of the local market by local entrepreneurs. Finally, the Ministry points out that the traditional livestock of Creole hens, represents an annual turnover estimated at over 50 million US dollars per year. With a more effective program of vaccination against Newcastle disease (Lafyèv poul) and other technical improvements, revenue could double.
Objectives of the intervention for the period 2012-2017, recovery of a part of the national market for poultry products :
Ministry intervention logic :
Since 2011, the Ministry had to create the conditions for the development of the egg industry, to increase the number of layers that was 50,000 to one million in 2017, this should allow to satisfy 75% of the current demand for eggs ;
- For broilers, it was to create the conditions for the domestic production pass from 100.000 to 500.000 chickens produced per month, representing 50% of the demand ;
- For traditional poultry farming, the goal was to get Creole poultry production from 7 to 9 millions per year.
Action taken and results achieved :
- The measures taken to improve the business environment in Haiti and the application of sanitary requirements for Dominican poultry products, encouraged major investments in the sector (about 10 million US dollars, hatcheries, feed mills, poultry slaughterhouses etc...)
- From 2011 to 2014, the increase in egg production was spectacular. It has grown from 1 million eggs per month to 6.3 million. The production of broilers increased from 100,000 chickens per month to about 250,000.
- With support from the Agricultural Insurance Financing Scheme of Haiti (SyFAAH) MARNDR conducted a microeconomic study to establish the conditions for profitability of different types of operation. This study allows the financial sector to better understand the poultry industry as a whole and to be more open to fund this sector ;
- MARNDR, thanks to funding from the Bank of the Republic of Haiti (BRH), has launched an agro-economic study further on the poultry sector, to determine the impact and potential of this sector on development of the Haitian economy ;
- The Ministry works in partnership with entities such as poultry SyFAAH to allow entrepreneurs to benefit from technical support, in addition to funding ;
- Steps have been taken with the "Caribbean Development Bank" to find a $ 6 million US dollars for the poultry sector ;
- To improve the competitiveness of domestic poultry, the Ministry supports a research program on the development of concentrated feed based on local ingredients such as : substitution of soybean meal jatropha meal (100%) locally produced and moringa powder-Doliv (25%) in the diet of laying) ;
- The Minsitry supports the training of farmers ;
- To reduce the huge losses recognized in traditional poultry farming caused by outbreaks of Newcastle disease, the Ministry has stepped up its support for the organization of vaccination campaigns. Nearly 500,000 vaccine doses have been made available to breeders and the network of solar refrigerators for storing vaccines, has been strengthened. In December 2014, 90% of the 140 municipalities in the country had a vaccine storage center
Means used :
- The Ministry has supported private investors for the preparation of agreements allowing them to benefit from the incentive program and investment facilitation ;
- The Minsitry used the expertise of SyFAAH technicians to perform the microeconomic study ;
- A senior Canadian consultant was hired to conduct the macroeconomic study ;
- A consultant assigned to the Office of the Secretary of State for Animal Production assured under the supervision of the Secretary of State, the coordination of these various files.
- A partnership was set up with other institutions (FAMV, Chibas Foundation) for research programs on food preparation. The poultry farm of Damien is used for training and research programs.
- In 2015, egg production is expected to increase from 15 to 20% increase from 6.3 to 7.5 million per month ;
- To sustain the pace of increase in intensive poultry production, especially eggs, should be mobilized for this sector a financing of 18 million US dollars. This fund will cover the public investment and the creation of guarantee funds for credit. To support this process, the contract for the agro-depth economic study of the sector that has been signed will be implemented in 2015.
- At the same time it will be necessary to continue taking steps to help poultry farmers to find financing through institutions such as the Industrial Development Fund (IDF) or the "Caribbean Development Bank."
- The strengthening of health controls adopted measures is also essential to protect investments ;
- The pursuit of Food Research is also a priority ;
- The MARNDR will also have strengthen its support activities for the training of farmers and strengthening the logistics for the organization of vaccination campaigns in poultry farming environment